What is ESMA and How Has ESMA Impacted Forex & CFD Trading?
In 2018, rules governing forex & CFD trading across Europe were significantly changed as a result of what is commonly referred to as ESMA.
We’ll cover the entire process from start to finish in order to provide an overview that both new and and experienced traders can comprehend. To get started, we’ll provide a basic overview of ESMA.
What is ESMA?
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is a European oversight committee focusing on financial services and investor protection for the entire European Union. The measures proposed by ESMA, which we’ll shortly elaborate upon, were adopted unanimously by all EU member states.
It’s worth noting that each EU member state has its own financial regulatory body, allowing for autonomy in financial regulation. In the case of ESMA, however, all EU member states agreed to the changes that we’ll now explore further.
Why Did ESMA have Such an Impact on Forex Trading Regulation? – Changes in Leverage Restrictions
Changes to leverage for FX & CFDs were by far the biggest result of the 2018 ESMA decision and what most people are referring to when they mention the term ESMA in conversations or on social media posts.
Per the official decision, changes to leverage were as follows:
· 30:1 for major currency pairs;
· 20:1 for non-major currency pairs, gold and major indices;
· 10:1 for commodities other than gold and non-major equity indices;
· 5:1 for individual equities and other reference values;
· 2:1 for cryptocurrencies;
ESMA Eliminated Binary Options Trading in Europe
Updates to leverage weren’t the only significant changes announced by ESMA. Another major change to the FX trading industry was the elimination of binary options as an investment product in Europe. The official ruling, which is set to took place on August 1, 2018 calls for “a prohibition on the marketing, distribution or sale of binary options to retail investors.”
Additional Changes Brought by ESMA
ESMA introduced the concept of negative balance protection to EU investors. The idea here is that clients would no longer be financially liable if their reached a negative level due to a stop out.
In addition to calls for negative balance protection, ESMA also eliminated the more gimmicky aspect of the FX market in Europe. Prior to the adoption of ESMA policies, many forex brokers would offer trading contests, deposit bonuses and other incentives to attract clients. This practice was eliminated by ESMA.
Finally, all licensed brokers in the EU must furnish a risk warning to clients which not only informs them of the risks involved in CFD trading but also the percentage of clients which lose from an investment in CFDs.
Our Thoughts on the Changes Brought by ESMA
We have mixed feelings about what we’ll refer to as the ESMA decision. On the one hand, we agree with the elimination of binary options in Europe. In our opinion, binary options are not a viable trading product: almost all of the binary options firms that once existed were neither reliable nor trustworthy. Unlike gambling products, which as the name implies, involves gambling, binary options were falsely promoted as a form of investment when it wasn’t anything but gambling.
Reducing the maximum leverage on forex & CFDs, however, were done in a rather extreme fashion. Our own firm’s growth in offshore licensing is testatement to the fact that there is still investor appetite for higher leverage. Consider a region such as Labuan, Malaysia where leverage is capped at 100:1. There are now 60 brokers licensed there. It’s no surprise Labuan, Malaysia grew in interest starting in 2018.
While our firm still receives appetite for EU licenses, the post-ESMA theme has been for larger brokers to diversify their regulation to several jurisdictions, a service we specialize in. While the ESMA decision was no doubt a boon for consulting firms such as ours, we beleive the leverage changes especially were too swift and pushed many investors to the offshore, a place where regulators ostensibly wish to protect clients from.
Atomiq Consulting – Consultation & Expertise in Forex Broker Licensing
If your FX broker is looking to obtain regulation either in Europe or offshore, our team of experts are here to help. We have a long and positive track record of successful license approvals across the globe, both offshore and continental.
To learn more about our forex broker licensing services, don’t hesitate to contact us today!
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